Adapted from the May/June 1998 issue of Biblical Archaeological Review.

An Egyptian Record of the Plagues?
The Admonitions of an Egyptian Sage, commonly known as the Papyrus Ipuwer, set forth a series of disasters so close to those described in Exodus that seem to refer to the same event.

* Papyrus 2:2 - The river is blood --- Exodus 7:20 - The river was turned to blood.
* Papyrus 2:6 - Blood is everywhere --- Exodus 7:21 - Blood throughout all the land of Egypt.
* Papyrus 2:10 - Gates, columns and walls are consumed by fire --- Exodus 9:23-24 - And the fire ran along the ground.
* Papyrus 4:14 - Trees are destroyed --- Exodus 9:25 - And the hail...brake every tree in the field.
* Papyrus 9:11 - The land is not light --- Exodus 10:22 - And Moses stretched forth his hand...and there was thick darkness.
* Papyrus 2:13 - He who places his brother in the ground is everywhere --- Exodus 12:30 - For there was not a house where there was not one dead

This article is copyrighted and is for private use and study only.