Nicaragua, situated between Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south, was settled as a Spanish colony in the early 16th century and gained independence from Spain in 1821. Britain occupied the Caribbean Coast in the first half of the 19th century, but gradually ceded control of the region in subsequent decades. With a population of almost 6 million and a land area of just over 130,000 sq km Nicaragua is Central America’s second-most sparsely populated state. It has extensive Atlantic coastal plains and mountainous interior regions.
Violent opposition to governmental manipulation and corruption spread to all classes by 1978 and resulted in a short-lived civil war that brought the Marxist Sandinista guerrillas to power in 1979. The next two decades would see traumatic events which contributed to the division of Nicaraguan society, as evidenced in its politics, communities, trade unions, churches and families. Nicaragua, the poorest country in Central America and the second poorest in the Hemisphere, has widespread underemployment and poverty. (Operation World)
Religious affiliations are divided as follows:
Roman Catholic 58.5%, Evangelical 21.6%, Moravian 1.6%, Jehovah’s Witness 0.9%, other 1.7%, none 15.7% (2005 census).
Please pray for the physical and spiritual welfare of Nicaragua today. My first visit there took place in February 2011.
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